Also known as:
Sleeping problems, nervous anxiety and tension, stress.
This is a herb which is widely found across Europe. It is one of the oldest herbs in use and has been the subject of extensive research.
How it works:
The tranquillising action of Valerian has been attributed to a number of components, including a group of compounds known as valepotriates, which have been shown to possess an ability to calm the nerves.
Valerenic acid, found in Valerian, inhibits the breakdown of GABA, which is a chemical transmitter that decreases nervous system activity. Increasing GABA levels in this way helps people who find it hard to switch off, and promotes good sleeping patterns.
In addition, a number of other constituents in Valerian have been shown to possess antispasmodic activity in muscles.
No restrictions to use are known.